2018年01月16日 10:15 供稿单位：互联网 原创作者：sjzxhd 责编：石家庄管理员
题干：movement: spread more unpredictably(C10-T4-R1 T1)
原文：The wildfire themselves, experts say, are generally hotter, faster, and
spread more erratically than in the past.
Unpredictably --- erratically
题干：size of fires: 10 times greater on average than two decades ago(C10-T4
原文：Megafires, also called ‘siege fires’, are the increasingly frequent
blazes that burn 500,000 acres or more-10 times the size of the average
forest fire of 20 years ago.
Two decades ago --- 20 years ago
题干：rainfall: below average(C10-T4-R1 T3)
原文：One explanation for the trend to more superhot fires is that the
region, which usually has dry summers, has had significantly below normal
precipitation in many recent years.
Rainfall --- precipitation
Average --- normal
题干：more brush to act as fuel(C10-T4-R1 T4)
原文：The unintentional consequence has been to halt the natural eradication
of underbrush, now the primary fuel for megafires.
Brush --- underbrush
题干：extended fire seasons(C10-T4-R1 T5)
原文：Second is fire seasons that on average are 78 days longer than they
were 20 years ago.
Extended --- longer
题干：more building of homes in vulnerable places(C10-T4-R1 T6)
原文：Third is increased construction of homes in wooded areas.
More building --- increased construction
题干：The amount of open space in California has diminished over the last ten
years.(C10-T4-R1 T7) TRUE
原文：In California, where population growth has averaged more than 600,000 a
year for at least a decade, more residential housing is being built.
Last ten years --- a decade
题干：Many experts believe California has made little progress in readying
itself to fight fires. (C10-T4-R1 T8) FALSE
原文：That said, many experts give California high marks for making progress
on preparedness in recent years, after some of the largest fires in state
history scorched thousands of acres, burned thousands of homes, and killed
Progress in readying itself --- making progress on preparedness
题干：Personnel in the past have been criticized for mishandling fire
containment.(C10-T4-R1 T9) TRUE
原文：Stung in the past by criticism of bungling that allowed fires to spread
when they might have been contained, personnel are meeting the peculiar
challenges of neighbourhood-and canyon-hoping fires better than previously,
Criticised --- criticism
题干：California has replaced a range of firefighting tools.
(C10-T4-R1 T10) TRUE
原文：State promises to provide more up-to-date engines, planes, and
helicopters to fight fires have been fulfilled.
Firefighting tools --- engines, planes, and helicopters
题干：More firefighters have been hired to improve fire-fighting capacity.
(C10-T4-R1 T11) NOT GIVEN
原文：Besides providing money to upgrade the fire engines that must traverse
the mammoth state and wind along serpentine canyon roads, the state has
invested in better command-and-control facilities as well as in the
strategies to run them.
题干：Citizens and government groups disapprove of the efforts of different
states and agencies working together.(C10-T4-R1 T12) FALSE
原文：There is a sense among both government officials and residents that the
speed, dedication, and coordination of firefighters from several states and
jurisdictions are resulting in greater efficiency than in past ‘siege fire’
Citizens and government groups --- government officials and residents
题干：Randy Jacobs believes that loss of life from fires will continue at the
same levels, despite changes made.(C10-T4-R1 T13) FALSE
原文：‘I am extraordinarily impressed by the improvements we have witnessed,
’ says Randy Jacobs, a Southern California-based lawyer who has had to
evacuate both his home and business to escape wildfires. ‘Notwithstanding
all the damage that will continue to be caused by wildfires, we will no
longer suffer the loss of life endured in the past because of the fire
prevention and firefighting measures that have been put in place,’ he says.
Changes made --- improvements we have witnessed