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剑桥雅思真题9阅读核心同义替换之C10-T2-R3

2018年01月16日 10:10 供稿单位:互联网  原创作者:sjzxhd   责编:石家庄管理员

C10-T2-R3


1.  题干:perhaps because the availability of novels has depended on mass 

production for so long.
(C10-T2-R3 T27)
原文:This might be explained by the fact that the novel has evolved 

precisely because of technological developments that made it possible to 

print out huge numbers of texts, whereas oil paintings have always been 

produced as unique objects.
同义替换:
Availability --- made it possible
Mass production --- print out huge numbers of texts
 
2. 题干:and also because with novels, the underlying ideas are the most 

important thing.
(C10-T2-R3 T28)
原文:With novels, the reader attends mainly to the meaning of words rather 

than the way they are printed on the page.
同义替换:
Underlying ideas --- the meaning of words
The most important --- mainly
 
3. 题干:However, in historical times artists such as Leonardo were happy to 

instruct assistants to produce copies of their work.
(C10-T2-R3 T29)
原文:artists seemed perfectly content to assign the reproduction of their 

workshop apprentices as regular ‘bread and butter’ work.
同义替换:
Happy --- content
Instruct --- assign
Assistant --- workshop assistant
Produce copies of their work --- reproduction
 
4. 题干:these days new methods of reproduction all excellent replication of 

surface relief features as well as colour and size.
(C10-T2-R3 T30)
原文:with reprographic techniques that allow the production of high-quality 

prints made exactly to the original scale, with faithful colour values, and 

even with duplication of the surface relief of the painting.
同义替换:
Size --- scale
 
5. 题干:It is regrettable that museums still promote the superiority of 

original works of art, since this may not be in the interests of the public.
(C10-T2-R3 T31)
原文:Unfortunately, this seems to place severe limitations on the kind of 

experience offered to visitors.
同义替换:
Public --- visitors
 
6. 题干:C  the negative effect a museum can have on visitors’ opinions of 

themselves.
(C10-T2-R3 T32)
原文:In a society that judges the personal status of the individual so much 

by their material worth, it is therefore difficult not to be impressed by one

’s own relative ‘worthlessness’ in such an environment.
同义替换:
Negative effect --- worthlessness
Visitors’ opinions of themselves --- one’s own
 
7. 题干:D  they feel their personal reactionis of no significance.
(C10-T2-R3 T33)
原文:Evidently, nothing the viewer thinks about the workis going to alter 

that value, and so today’s viewer is deterred from trying to extend that 

spontaneous, immediate, self-reliant kind of reading which would originally 

have met the work.
同义替换:
Personal reaction --- viewer thinks about the work
Is of no significance --- nothing is going to alter that value
 
8. 题干:A  the variety of works on display and the way they are arranged.
(C10-T2-R3 T34)
原文:The visitor may then be struck by the strangeness of seeing such 

diverse paintings, drawings and sculptures brought together in an environment 

for which they were not originally created. This ‘displacement effect’ is 

further heightened by the sheer volume of exhibits. In the case of a major 

collection, there are probably more works on display than we could 

realistically view in weeks or even months.
同义替换:
The variety of works on display --- more works on display
The way they are arranged --- diverse paintings, drawings and sculptures 

brought together
 
9. 题干:D  have a specific beginning or end.
(C10-T2-R3 T35)
原文:A fundamental difference between paintings and other art forms is that 

there is no prescribed time over which a painting is viewed.
同义替换:
A specific beginning or end --- prescribed time
 
10. 题干:NOT GIVEN Art history should focus on discovering the meaning of 

art using a range of media.
(C10-T2-R3 T36)
原文:Consequently, the dominant critical approach becomes that of the art 

historian, a specialised academic approach devoted to ‘discovering the 

meaning’ of art within the cultural context of its time.
同义替换:

 
11. 题干:FALSE The approach of art historians conflicts with that of art 

museums.
(C10-T2-R3 T37)
原文:Consequently, the dominant critical approach becomes that of the art 

historian, a specialised academic approach devoted to ‘discovering the 

meaning’ of art within the cultural context of its time. This is in perfect 

harmony with the museum’s function, since the approach is dedicated to 

seeking out and conserving ‘authentic’, ‘original’ readings of the 

exhibits.
同义替换:
Conflicts --- harmony
 
12. 题干:TRUE People should be encouraged to give their opinions openly on 

works of art.
(C10-T2-R3 T38)
原文:The museum public, like any other audience, experience art more 

rewardingly when given the confidence to express their views.
同义替换:
Encouraged --- experience art more rewardingly
Give their opinions --- express their views
 
13. 题干:NOT GIVEN Reproductions of fine art should only be sold to the 

public if they are of high quality.
(C10-T2-R3 T39)
原文:If appropriate works of fine are could be rendered permanently 

accessible to the public by means of high-fidelity reproductions, as 

literature and music already are, the public may feel somewhat less in awe of 

them.
同义替换:

 
14. 题干:FALSE In the future, those with power are likely to encourage more 

people to enjoy art.
(C10-T2-R3 T40)
原文:Unfortunately, that may be too much to ask from those who seek to 

maintain and control the art establishment.
同义替换:
Those with power --- those who seek to maintain and control the art 

establishment
Are likely to --- Unfortunately, that may be too much to

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