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剑桥雅思真题9阅读核心同义替换之C10-T2-R1

2018年01月16日 10:07 供稿单位:互联网  原创作者:sjzxhd   责编:石家庄管理员

C10-T2-R1


1. 题干:The time and place of the Industrial Revolution.
(C10-T2-R1 T1)
原文:Why did this particular Bib Bang-the world-changing birth of industry-

happen in Britain? And did it strike at the end of the 18th century?
同义替换:
Time --- 18th century
      Place --- Britain
 
2. 题干:Conditions required for industrialisation.
(C10-T2-R1 T2)
原文:“There are about 20 different factors and all of them need to be 

present before the revolution can happen,” he says. For industry to take 

off, there needs to be the technology and power to drive factories, large 

urban populations to provide cheap labour, easy transport to move goods 

around, and affluent middle-class willing to buy mass-produced objects, a 

market-driven economy and a political system that allows this to happen.
同义替换:
Conditions --- factors
Require --- need
 
3. 题干:Two keys to Britain’s industrial revolution.
(C10-T2-R1 T3)
原文:Tea and beer, two of the nation’s favourite drinks, fuelled the 

revolution.
同义替换:无
 
4. 题干:The search for the reasons for an increase in population.
(C10-T2-R1 T4)
原文:But then there was a burst in population growth.
     People suggested four possible causes.
同义替换:
Reasons --- causes
Increase --- growth
 
5. 题干:Changes in drinking habits in Britain.
(C10-T2-R1 T5)
原文:He says, ‘We drank beer. For a long time, the English were protected 

by the strong antibacterial agent in hops, which were added to help preserve 

the beer. But in the late 17th century a tax was introduced on malt, the 

basic ingredient of beer. The poor turned to water and gin and in the 1720s 

the mortality rate began to rise again.
同义替换:
Change --- turn to
 
6. 题干:Comparisons with Japan lead to the answer.
(C10-T2-R1 T6)
原文:Macfarlane looked to Japan, which was also developing large cities 

about the same time, and also had no sanitation. Water-borne disease had a 

much looser grip on the Japanese population than those in Britain. Could it 

be the prevalence of tea in their culture?
同义替换:无
 
7. 题干:Industrialisation and the fear of unemployment.
(C10-T2-R1 T7)
原文:Macfarlane notes that even though 17th –century Japan had large 

cities, high literacy rates, even a futures market, it had turned its back on 

the essence of any work-based revolution by giving up labour-saving devices 

such as animals, afraid that they would put people out of work.
同义替换:
Unemployment --- out of work
 
8. 题干:China’s transport system was not suitable for industry in the 18th 

century.(C10-T2-R1 T8)
原文:‘All these factors must have been necessary but not sufficient to 

cause the revolution,’ says Macfarlane. ‘After all, Holland had everything 

except coal, while China also had many pf these factors. Most historians are 

convinced there are one or two missing factors that you need to open the 

lock.’
同义替换:无
 
9. 题干:Tea and beer both helped to prevent dysentery in Britain.
(C10-T2-R1 T9)
原文:The antiseptic properties of tannin, the active ingredient in tea, and 

of hops in beer-plus the fact that both are made with boiled water-allowed 

urban communities to flourish at close quarters without succumbing to water-

borne diseases such as dysentery.
同义替换:
Prevent --- without succumbing to
 
10. 题干:Roy Porter disagrees with Professor Macfarlane’s findings.
(C10-T2-R1 T10)
原文:Macfarlane’s case has been strengthened by support from notable 

quarters-Roy Porter, the distinguished medical historian, recently wrote a 

favourable appraisal of his research.
同义替换:无
 
11. 题干:After 1740, there was a reduction in population in Britain.
(C10-T2-R1 T11)
原文:Between about 1650 and 1740, the population in Britain was static. But 

then there was a burst in population growth.
同义替换:无
 
12. 题干:People in Britain used to make beer at home.
(C10-T2-R1 T12)
原文:Macfarlane deduced that whatever the British were drinking must have 

been important in regulating disease. He says, ‘We drank beer. For a long 

time, the English were protected by the strong antibacterial agent in hops, 

which were added to help preserve the beer. But in the late 17th century a 

tax was introduced on malt, the basic ingredient of beer. The poor turned to 

water and gin and in the 1720s the morality rate began to rise again.
同义替换:无
 
13. 题干:The tax on malt indirectly caused a rise in the death rate.
(C10-T2-R1 T13)
原文:But in the late 17th century a tax was introduced on malt, the basic 

ingredient of beer. The poor turned to water and gin and in the 1720s the 

mortality rate began to rise again.
同义替换:
Death rate --- mortality rate

 

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