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剑桥雅思真题9阅读核心同义替换之C9-T4-R3

2018年01月16日 10:02 供稿单位:互联网  原创作者:sjzxhd   责编:石家庄管理员

C9-T4-R3


1. 题干:Mixed views on current changes to museums.
(C9-T4-R3 T27)
原文:Such developments have been criticized as an intolerable vulgarization, 

but the success of many historical theme parks and similar locations suggests 

that the majority of the public does not share this opinion.
同义替换:
    Views --- opinion
Changes --- developments
 
2. 题干:Fewer differences between public attractions.
(C9-T4-R3 T28)
原文:In a related development, the sharp distinction between museum and 

heritage sites on the one hand, and theme parks on the other, is gradually 

evaporating.
同义替换:
    Differences --- sharp distinction
Fewer --- evaporating
 
3. 题干:Commercial pressures on people in charge.
(C9-T4-R3 T29)
原文:This development is a response to market forces and, although museums 

and heritage sites have a special, rather distinct, role to fulfill, they are 

also operating in a very competitive environment, where visitors make choices 

on how and where to spend their free time.
同义替换:
     Commercial pressures --- competitive environment
 
4. 题干:Interpreting the facts to meet visitor expectations.
(C9-T4-R3 T30)
原文:There is one compensation, however, for the professionals who make 

these interpretations: if they did not provide the interpretation, visitors 

would do it for themselves, based on their own ideas, misconceptions and 

prejudices.
同义替换:
     Interpreting --- interpretations
Expectations --- would do it for themselves
 
5. 题干:Compared with today’s museums, those of the past were not primarily 

intended for the public.
(C9-T4-R3 T31)
原文:Museums used to look - and some still do - much like storage rooms of 

objects packed together in showcases: good for scholars who wanted to study 

the subtle differences in design, but not for the ordinary visitor, to whom 

it all looked alike
同义替换:
    The past --- used to
Public --- ordinary visitor
 
6. 题干:According to the writer, current trends in the heritage industry 

emphasize personal involvement.
(C9-T4-R3 T32)
原文:The key word in heritage display is now 'experience', the more exciting 

the better and, if possible, involving all the senses
同义替换:
    Current --- now
Emphasize --- key word
Personal involvement --- 'experience'
 
7. 题干:The writer says that museums, heritage sites and theme parks are 

less easy to distinguish than before.
(C9-T4-R3 T33)
原文:In a related development, the sharp distinction between museum and 

heritage sites on the one hand, and theme parks on the other, is gradually 

evaporating.
同义替换:
    Distinguish --- distinction
Less easy --- evaporating
 
8. 题干:The writer says that in preparing exhibits for museums, experts have 

to balance conflicting priorities.
(C9-T4-R3 T34)
原文:Those who are professionally engaged in the art of interpreting history 

are thus in a difficult position, as they must steer a narrow course between 

the demands of 'evidence' and 'attractiveness', especially given the 

increasing need in the heritage industry for income-generating activities.
同义替换:
    Experts --- who are professionally engaged
Conflicting priorities --- difficult position
 
9. 题干:In paragraph E, the writer suggests that some museum exhibits reveal 

more about present beliefs than about the past.
(C9-T4-R3 T35)
原文:Such presentations tell us more about contemporary perceptions of the 

world than about our ancestors.
同义替换:
     Museum exhibits --- presentations
Present beliefs --- contemporary perceptions
Past --- ancestors
 
10. 题干:The passage ends by noting that our view of history is biased 

because only very durable objects remain from the past.
(C9-T4-R3 T36)
原文:Human bias is inevitable, but another source of bias in the 

representation of history has to do with the transitory nature of the 

materials themselves. The simple fact is that not everything from history 

survives the historical process.
同义替换:
     View --- representation
Biased --- bias
     Remain --- survives
Past --- historical process
 
11. 题干:Consumers prefer theme parks which avoid serious issues.
(C9-T4-R3 T37)
原文:Theme parks are undergoing other changes, too, as they try to present 

more serious social and cultural issues, and move away from fantasy. This 

development is a response to market forces
同义替换:
     Consumers --- market forces
Serious issues --- serious social and cultural issues
 
12. 题干:More people visit museums than theme parks.
(C9-T4-R3 T38)
原文:NOT GIVEN
 
13. 题干:The boundaries of Leyden have changed little since the seventeenth 

century.
(C9-T4-R3 T39)
原文:In a town like Leyden in Holland, which in the seventeenth century was 

occupied by approximately the same number of inhabitants as today, people 

lived within the walled town, an area more than five times smaller than 

modern Leyden.
同义替换:
     Boundaries --- area
     Changed --- smaller
 
14. 题干:Museums can give a false impression of how life used to be.
(C9-T4-R3 T40)
原文:It could be claimed that in order to make everything in heritage more 

'real', historical accuracy must be increasingly altered.
同义替换:
     False --- accuracy…altered
Used to be --- historical

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