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雅思口语发音如何有效练习?

作者: 2020-10-13 17:13 来源:石家庄编辑
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发音(发音)是雅思口语考试的四项评分标准之一。通常,学生花很多时间准备流利连贯(流利和一致)、词汇资源(词汇)、语法范围和准确性(语法范围和准确性)的考试,很少有同学有意识地注意他们的发音。

虽然,在口语考试中考生可以有一定的口音,但是发音这一项并不只是要求单词发音正确,理想的连读、恰当地停顿、单词的重音、以及自然的语调都是需要同学们注意提高的。那么这几项到底如何提高呢,其中的原则又是怎样呢?

示例

我们以下面这道part3 真题为例,来讲一讲发音的具体规则:

Part 3

Q: What kind of work do you think is the most challenging?

A: In the fast-changing world of modern healthcare, I think the job of a doctor is the most challenging one. And I would say it is more and more like the job of a chief executive. The people who run hospitals and physicians’ practices dont just need to know medicine. They must also be able to balance budgets, motivate a large and diverse staff and make difficult marketing and legal decisions which means as a doctor, he or she should master variety of skills.

正确读法标注版:

连读为蓝色字体;重读为加粗字体;停顿为 /;升降调为↑↓。

In the fast-changing world of modern healthcare↑, / I think the job of a doctor is the most challenging one. /And I would say / it is more and more like the job of a chief executive. / The people / who run hospitals and physicianspractices dont just need to know medicine. They must also be able to balance budgets, / motivate a large and diverse staff/ and make difficult marketing and legal decisions, / which means as a doctor, he or she should master variety of skills.

雅思口语发音如何有效练习?

一. 连读的单词

一般情况下连读有两种情况:

a. 连读时的吞音。就是吞掉一个音位,一个音素,通常吞掉的是单词最后的t, d例如:

fast-changing    fas-changing

I would say    I woul-say

don’t just need to know   

don-jus-nee-to know

diverse staff   divers-taff

b. 直接连读catenation / linking,前一个词以辅音发音结尾,后一个以元音发音开头会用连读,例如:

of a   of-a

二.需要注意重音的单词

在连贯的话语中,不可能所有单词都同样重要,因此我们需要区分关键词和相对次要的单词,然后将关键词重读,例如:

They must also be able to balance budgets, motivate a large and diverse staff and make difficult marketing and legal decisions, which means as a doctor, he or she should master variety of skills.

三. 需要停顿的点

a. 一般情况下,在口语陈述过程中,我们首先需要在标点符号处停顿,例如:

In the fast-changing world of modern healthcare, / I think the job of a doctor is the most challenging one.

b. 除此之外,当分句出现时也需要断句,例如:

The people / who run hospitals and physicians’ practices dont just need to know medicine.

c. 在说较长的句子时,我们也需要根据意群进行停顿,例如:

They must also be able to balance budgets, / motivate a large and diverse staff / and make difficult marketing and legal decisions, / which means as a doctor, he or she should master variety of skills.

四. 确定每句断句和结尾处升降调

在口语考试过程中,即使考生绝大多数时间都是在做陈述(通常为降调),仍然有部分情况需要升调。具体的升降调情况如下。

a. 降调情况:

1. 陈述句,例如:

The people who run hospitals and physicians’ practices dont just need to know medicine.

2. 感叹句;

3. 以whenwherehow 等开头的特殊疑问句;

b. 升调情况:

1. 疑问句;

2. 陈述句较长,中间划分意群,例如:

They must also be able to balance budgets↑, motivate a large and diverse staffand make difficult marketing and legal decisions, which means as a doctor, he or she should master variety of skills.

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